Resided in Lebanon for a long time and published at least two books on the Middle-East: The Druzes and the Maronites under the Turkish rule, from 1840 to 1860 (1862) and The life of Abdel Kader, ex-sultan of the Arabs of Algeria; written from his own dictation, and comp. from other authentic sources (1867).

13.v.58, 15.v.58, 16.v.58, 26.vii.60.